PAPA CommitteeJune 15, 2021 2021-06-15 23:31
Pan African Peace Accords
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Pan African Peace Accords
Due to the fact that many of the same tribes live in separate countries, there is a need for a cross boarder Pan African Peace Accords that will include all of the stakeholders in the surrounding countries. We are optimistic that a framework for Pan African Peace can be achieved as a model to spread peace across the continent. World Peace Tracts is working to facilitate a framework for peace talks that will result in a more durable peace across the region.
The challenge is always special interest who make money on war death and instability, normally so that they are able to rob the country of its resources without oversight or fair payment.
The situation in West Darfur State is calm, with life gradually returning to normal. There are tensions, however, that require long-term peacebuilding and community reconciliation.
Whilst humanitarians are responding to the urgent needs there are shortages of funds which could lead to the suspension of support to several health facilities. The existing capacities are not sufficient to cope with the caseload. With the rainy season approaching, scaling up given current capacity limitations can prove to be a major challenge.
According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), in the first four months of 2021 close to 237,000 people were displaced by conflict in Darfur – more than four times the 58,000 people displaced by conflict in 2020 – creating a significant increase in new needs.
Due to the political situation in neighboring Chad, poses a risk of a potential influx of Chadian refugees into North, Central, and West Darfur states.
had has been in a state of almost constant instability and protracted conflict since achieving independence in 1960. It experiences recurrent political violence which revolves around contestation for power during and after elections and recurrent attempted coups. Ethnic and religious rivalries, as well as socio-economic crisis, further intensify the ongoing political grievances throughout the country. In addition, Chad is surrounded by conflicts from neighboring countries. Conflict dynamics in these neighboring countries exacerbates internal crises in Chad, making the conflict-prone country vulnerable to both national and regional instabilities.
Due to violence, South Sudan is currently facing its worst food crisis on record: an estimated 30,000 people are living in famine-like conditions and more than 7 million people face severe food insecurity. The mid-2021 lean season is projected to be the worst ever in terms of severity, with 1 million more people in acute food insecurity comparing to the same period last year. Malnutrition remains a major public health emergency, with more than 1.8 million children and pregnant and breastfeeding women expected to be acutely malnourished in 2021 – the highest number in 3 years.
A United Nations report warns that the slow implementation of a revitalised peace accord in South Sudan risks pushing the country back into a “large-scale conflict”. Political, military and ethnic divisions in South Sudan are widening, leading to multiple violent incidents between the main signatories to last year’s ceasefire, the possibility of renewed war, and nearly 100,000 people facing “famine-like conditions”, it said.
In February 2020, South Sudan formed a transitional government of national unity to leave 6 years of civil war behind. However, progress in the implementation of the peace agreement has been slow. A spike in violence caused over 2,400 civilian deaths in 2020, more than double the previous year. Conflict, insecurity and natural hazards have displaced nearly 4 million people since 2013, with many forced to flee multiple times. An estimated 1.6 million people are internally displaced, while an additional 2.2 million are refugees in neighboring countries.
With some of the largest most fertile agricultural lands as well as mineral resources, South Sudan and Sudan is in immediate need of investment to produce food and once again become the breadbasket of the world.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
New CAR refugees are being transferred to Gado refugee site ; Since the end of December, 5,000 Central African refugees have crossed the Cameroonian border in search of safety after the resurgence of violence which affected the Central African Republic following the presidential elections.[/caption]
CAR Prime Minister, Cabinet Resign
The Central African Republic’s prime minister, Firmin Ngrebada, and entire cabinet have resigned. The political crisis comes as France announced it would suspend military operations in the country (Al Jazeera).
Over 240,000 people have been internally displaced by the increase in violence since mid-December, including 117,000 people who remain displaced as their villages and towns are still unsafe. Nearly 110,000 refugees have fled to Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Chad, Cameroon, and Republic of Congo (OCHA last accessed 08/02/2021; UNHCR 16/02/2021).
New refugees are mostly arriving in areas that are already hosting CAR refugees from previous displacements. In these areas, the local population already has unmet needs. Beyond specific needs related to existing conditions in host areas, newly arrived refugees require protection assistance, especially in terms of child protection, sexual and gender-based violence, and documentation.
Humanitarian access is difficult in CAR because of poor road conditions and insecurity. The upcoming rainy season is likely to cut off road access to some refugee-hosting areas in DRC and deteriorate roads in CAR. Likouala department in Republic of Congo, which hosts arrivals from CAR, is still suffering from the effects of flooding from the second half of 2020.
Libya’s prime minister-designate demanded the departure Tuesday of an estimated 20,000 foreign fighters as he sought support from lawmakers to help end a grinding civil war in the North African nation.
Oil-rich Libya descended into chaos after dictator Moamer Kadhafi was toppled and killed in a 2011 NATO-backed uprising, resulting in multiple forces vying for power.
“The mercenaries are a stab in our back — they must leave,” interim premier Abdul Hamid Dbeibah told parliament, saying he would contact the United Nations and the countries where the mercenaries come from to demand they withdraw.
The problem is that many of these mercenaries were recruited from Sudan and other African nations are now stuck in the south east corner of Libya without a safe passage home. They are also victims of war and conflict, recruited from desperate poverty to go fight someone else’s war thousands of miles for as little as $1000. a month, while the recruiter is getting $10,000. a month or more for each recruit. Many have been trained in wealthy third countries prior to dispatching to Libya. The mercenaries are caught up in a conflict of International pressure mounting for them to leave, and their home countries refusing to repatriate them.
repatriotization and assimilation
Is to provide a mechanism that facilitates the safe repatriotization and assimilation back into their home countries.
Leaders Representatives and Stakeholders
Salva Kiir Mayardit
President of South Sudan
Salva Kiir Mayardit (born 13 September 1951), also known as Salva Kiir, is a South Sudanese politician who has been President of South Sudan since its independence in 2011.
Prime Minister of Sudan
Abdalla Hamdok (also transliterated: Abdallah, Hamdouk; Arabic: عبدالله حمدوك; born 1 January 1956) is a Sudanese public administrator who has served as the 15th Prime Minister of Sudan since 2019.
President of Chad
Deby Itno interim President of Chad. A four-star general who is a son of Chad’s slain president Idriss Deby
President of the Central African Republic
Faustin-Archange Touadéra is a Central African politician and academic who has been President of the Central African Republic since March 2016. He previously was Prime Minister of the Central African Republic from January 2008 to January 2013.
Amb. Mbabazi-Araali H.E
Energy and Commercial Diplomacy Consultant
International Relations, Kiswahili, French, English, Management, and commercial and economic diplomacy, spread over Petroleum and Energy diplomacy
Sir Patrick Bijou
Director General of Europe
Sir Patrick Bijou is the Director of Europe for World Peace Tracts and our Special Attaché for the Pan African Peace Accords
WORLD PEACE AMBASSADOR OF SOUTH AFRICA
Ssemakula Peter Luyima is the Chief Ambassador of South Africa and our Business Attaché for PAPA
Namib Rise Shine Minerals
Thekla is one of the very few women in the mining industry and networker of the year
Ambassadeur Sirajo Issa Mahamadou
A étudié à : ESCAE Niger
Ambassadeur /Commissaire International de droits humains/IRHC/Nations UnisAdvisor
Dr. Dange Alemu PhD
Institute:- Public Sector Reform
OSU University Researcher, Institute:- Public Sector Reform
Department/Team: – Quality and Productivity Control
Amb. Dr. Hillary Emoh
Amb. Dr. Hillary Emoh
Founder: Leaders Without Borders Development Centre. Royal Advisor to His Highness Sheikh Ahmed Bin Faisal Al Qasimmi
Ambassador Charles Egenti
COUNCIL OF AFRICA at THE GLOBAL UNION
MEMBER OF GU’s SUPERVISORY COUNCIL OF AFRICA at THE GLOBAL UNION • GU-GHCF & its Permanent Mission to the global Safety of Nations and their People
FOUNDER & PRESIDENT COUNCIL OF INTERNATIONAL CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE-CICC
Special Business Attaché for PAPA
H.E. Maurizio Cusimano
World Peace Ambassador of Italy
Anthropologist, Criminologist and Philanthropist- Ambassador WPT – United Nations Diplomatic Committee I.O.
Phil Lane Jr.
Chairman–Four Worlds International Institute
President and Chair of the Board of Directors at Compassion Games: Survival of the Kindest, AISES Council of Elders at AISES and Chairman & CEO at The Four Worlds International Institute
WORLD PEACE AMBASSADOR OF THE USA
Global Goodwill Ambassadors Foundation: ‘bringing uplifting messages of hope and laughter to promote goodwill to all”
H.R.H. Prof. Dr. PHILIP CHAN
H.E. Prof. PHILIP CHAN
Command Vice President, Hong Kong St. John Ambulance Arbitrator, Adjudicator, Mediation Expert, Expert Witness and Disputes Resolution Advisor
PostDoc & PhD supervisor
Friends of Sudan Group Time Line
April 11, 2019
Al Bashir deposed – army seizes power in Sudan
KHARTOUM 14:30 – The Sudanese Defence Minister and Vice-President, Lt Gen Awad Ahmed Ibn Auf, has announced in a statement on Sudan TV today that power has been seized by a military council, after four months of protests and public uprising.
Ibn Auf said that the military council will “detain its head” and “get rid of the regime”, referring to the intention to arrest the now deposed President Omar Al Bashir.
Assuming the position of interim leader, Ibn Auf announced that a “military transitional council will supervise for a two-year period” in the run-up to elections.
Security measures are in place, and Sudanese airspace and all borders have been closed for 24 hours
Ibn Auf said that a State of Emergency has been declared that will last for three months, and hailed the protestors “for conducting peaceful demonstrations”.
He also pledged that all political prisoners will be released immediately.
Live reports from Sudan say that news of the military take-over has still to reach many of the public who are still on the streets after four days of sit-ins at the General Command of the Sudanese Armed Forces.
Since December last year, Sudan has experienced a popular uprising called-out by the Sudanese Professionals Association and signatories to the Declaration of Freedom and Change, calling for the overthrow of the regime. Demonstrations were met with violent resistance from the government, however the sheer volume of public support during the last week resulted in the uprising reaching critical mass.
Radio Dabanga will provide updated coverage as reports reach this station.
KHARTOUM 15:30 – Sudanese Constitution abolished, deposed Al Bashir arrested
Sudan’s Minister of Defence and interim leader, Lt Gen Awad Ahmed Ibn Auf, has said that the Sudanese Constitution has been abolished. He also confirmed the dissolution of the National Assembly.
In his statement, Ibn Auf confirmed that the deposed president Omar Al Bashir is “under arrest and in a safe place”. It is not clear exactly where Al Bashir is being held.
Sudan’s Minister of Defence and interim leader,
Lt Gen Awad Ahmed Ibn Auf (File photo)
Ibn Auf further announced a State of Emergency in Sudan for three months, and curfew for one month from 10 pm to 4 am. The State Councils have also been dissolved and a military council formed to manage the country in the interim.
He announced the closure of airspace, airports, and all other entry points all over the country.
‘Peaceful transfer of power’
Ibn Auf says that a climate must be established for the peaceful transfer of power, the building of political parties, leading-up to free and fair elections by the end of the transitional period. A new permanent Constitution is to be established.
Gen Ibn Auf referred to the economic difficulties suffered by the Sudanese people, and praised the peaceful demonstrations that began December.
The National Security and Intelligence Service (NISS), that has served as a heavy-handed enforcer for the Al Bashir regime, announced today the release of all political detainees throughout the country.
Lt Gen Ibn Auf previously served as Head of Military Intelligence, and Head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, before he was appointed Minister of Defence in August 2015. On February 22, when President Al Bashir announced the State of Emergency in the country and dissolved the government (for the third time within one year), Ibn Auf was appointed Vice-President as well.
December 12, 2019
Friends of Sudan meeting in Khartoum
Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok has called on the Friends of Sudan group to provide political and economic support to overcome the current challenges and risks facing the transition process.
Addressing the Friends of Sudan meeting in Khartoum on Wednesday, he said Sudan is exerting all efforts to achieve peace, and remove its name from the US list of State Sponsors of Terrorism, economic support, and debt forgiveness.
The Friends of Sudan group includes the USA, France, Germany, Britain, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Egypt. Representatives of the United Nations and the African Union also attend the meeting.
Hamdok said that the environment is conducive to cooperation and successfully overcoming of challenges, adding that we have great expectations to support the economy through foreign investments to tackle the economy so that it is on the right track.
Hamdok asserted his government’s commitment to holding the constitutional conference and organising free elections that lead to the desired life.
He affirmed his commitment to preserving peace, implementing human rights and addressing youth issues so that they have opportunities rather than taking risks through illegal immigration by opening the door for employment and supporting health and education.
The State Minister of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Miriam Heijan, said that the conference in Khartoum was evidence of the international community’s support for the transitional government with deeds rather than words and demanded to include the sustainable development goals in the budget for the next year to ensure the process of sustainable growth Sudan and called for not relying on external resources and pointed to the need to develop the private sector.
She noted that the selection of Sudan as the president of East Africa Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) as encouraging recognition by the countries of the region of the positive developments in the country, stressing the full support of the European Union to Sudan.
International Crisis Group
In an open letter to the Friends of Sudan, the International Crisis Group, an independent organisation ‘working to prevent wars and shape policies that will build a more peaceful world’ urges that “Sudan’s transition hangs in the balance,” and that “the transitional administration led by the widely-respected economist, Abdalla Hamdok, requires urgent financial, technical and diplomatic support if it is to keep the transition on track, deliver the economic revival that the Sudanese people are counting on, bring peace to the country’s war-ravaged peripheries, and overhaul the country’s constitution ahead of the planned elections that, in 2022, are intended to complete Sudan’s shift to a democratically elected and fully civilian government.”
The open letter, signed by President & CEO, Robert Malley, and Africa Program Director Comfort Ero, goes on to say: “The Friends of Sudan can help make Sudan’s transition a success. Comprising African powers, Western donors and long-time partners of Khartoum from the Gulf region, your financial muscle and political ties give you exceptional influence. Your group has already played a valuable role by coming together to present a cohesive front in support of the transition, including by encouraging the parties to endorse the August transitional agreement that installed the current administration. On this fifth meeting of the group – and the first held in Khartoum – Crisis Group calls upon all members to commit to a course of action that is commensurate with the urgency of this once-in-a-generation chance to steer Sudan toward durable stability.”
February 20, 2020
Friends of Sudan' Postpones Donors’ Conference to Next June
‘Friends of Sudan’ Postpones Donors’ Conference to
Thursday, 20 February, 2020 – 10:00
Sudanese civilians wave their national flags during celebrations of the signing of the Sudan’s power sharing deal, in
Khartoum, Sudan (Reuters)
Khartoum – Khalid Balola
The “Friends of Sudan” group promised to offer great support for the
transitional government in Sudan to overcome the obstacles facing the
country’s transitional period and decided to postpone the donors’ conference
Sudanese Minister of Finance Ibrahim al-Badawi said: “Friends of Sudan”
had agreed in the Stockholm meetings to hold the donors’ conference on
June 2020 and promised to disclose the sums expected to be donated to
assist the government of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok.
The Minister described the Stockholm meetings as “successful”, adding that
the coming donors’ conference will be held following the meeting of the
societal economic conference in Sudan, scheduled for March.
Badawi affirmed that Sudan’s partners and friends have promised to provide
considerable support to the country, indicating that he participated earlier in
meetings organized by ”Friends of Sudan” in Sweden.
The meetings would be followed by another one in Paris during which
specified commitments are expected to be announced for the donors’
conference scheduled for the first half of next June, according to the
Badawi stressed that donor countries can now extend their contribution after
consultations with concerned ministries.
The “Friends of Sudan” was established in 2018 as an informal group, then
it gained official status after the outbreak of the revolution in 2019. It
includes a group of countries and organizations committed to joint action to
provide support to the transitional government in the country.
Meanwhile, a member of the Transitional Sovereign Council of Sudan,
Siddiq Tawer, inaugurated Tuesday the 5th International Mining Business
Forum and Exhibition in Khartoum, with the participation of 55 international
Tawer called for promoting the mining sector in Sudan by taking advantage
of modern technologies, adding that this year’s conference takes place in
light of new political and economic conditions after the December revolution.
The official pointed out that the civil mining is one of the challenges that
affect the environment, and this sector needs to be managed in a special
way that provides alternatives to transition to a more productive and
harmless field for the environment and health of workers.
He cautioned against using the cheap technology that destroys the
environment, explaining that the transitional government’s strategy focuses
on training and providing job opportunities for young people.
The three-day forum is organized by the Sudanese Ministry of Energy and
Mining, represented by the Public Authority for Geological Research, and
seeks to develop the sector and attract investments.
Also at the conference, the Sudanese Minister of Energy and Mining, Adel
Ali Ibrahim hoped 2020 will be a year for mining, stressing that with efforts
between the relevant authorities, the mining sector will occupy the leading
and pioneering role in the Sudanese economy.
May 07, 2020
Friends of Sudan Meeting, Paris
Friends of Sudan Meeting, Paris, 7 May 2020
The seventh Friends of Sudan meeting was held in Paris on 7 May 2020 by videoconference.
The meeting was opened by the French Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Mr JeanYves Le Drian, who reiterated the determined support of Sudan’s partners for the Transitional
Government and for the fulfilment of its objectives, as set down in the constitutional
declaration and political agreement signed on 17 August 2019 and by the Sudanese Minister
of Finance, Dr Ibrahim El-Badawi, who presented his Government’s updated plan to respond
to Sudan’s economic difficulties, reviewed in the light of the new challenges brought by
The meeting was chaired by the French Africa and Indian Ocean Director, Mr Rémi
Maréchaux, and Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan, Mr Jean-Michel Dumond.
In addition to France and Sudan, Canada, Egypt, Ethiopia, Germany, Italy, Japan, Kuwait,
Norway, Qatar, Spain, Sweden, the African Development Bank, the African Union and the
European Union, the International Monetary Fund, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the League
of Arab States, the Netherlands, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland, the United Nations, the United States and the World Bank also
The Friends of Sudan reiterated their support for the civilian Transitional Government led by
Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok in the face of the challenges faced, further heightened by the
During the meeting, the Mutual Partnership Framework (MPF) between the Sudanese
Government and the partners of the Sudanese transition was agreed. The MPF, attached, is a
good base for close partnership. It sets down guiding implementing principles of international
assistance to the Sudanese Government in order to achieve the objectives of the Sudanese
people and fulfil its legitimate aspirations to freedom, peace, justice and prosperity.
In this respect, the Friends of Sudan welcomed the reforms already undertaken and the
ambitious program presented by the Sudanese Minister of Finance, Dr Ibrahim El-Badawi in
order to resolve the major structural problems facing the country. The Friends of Sudan again
highlighted the shared responsibility of the Sovereign Council and the Transitional
Government in this respect.
Given the two-fold economic and social crisis, the Friends of Sudan stressed the priority of
the program to mitigate the social impact of reforms, which will initially involve support to
the most vulnerable families.
The Friends of Sudan welcomed the fact that the Multi-Donor Trust Fund proposed by the
World Bank is now in a position to receive the funds provided by Sudan’s partners. Several of
them, including the European Union, France, Norway and Sweden already announced their
intention to contribute significantly, up to €100 million. Additional contributions are expected
ahead of the Berlin Conference.
Several bilateral and multilateral donors also confirmed their commitment in terms of
humanitarian assistance and announced redirected or additional funding to combat COVID19.
A number of partners also stated that they were preparing additional financial support to be
announced during the donor conference in June. At the invitation of Germany, Sudan, the
United Nations and the European Union, the donors will meet in Berlin for a “Partnership
Conference”, along with all partners committed to the success of the Sudanese transition.
The Friends of Sudan noted that Sudan was affected by COVID-19, like other African
countries, and underlined the importance of the International Financial Institutions (IFI)
seeking extraordinary, flexible approaches in order to ensure they are not excluded from the
new facilities established.
The Friends of Sudan also recalled their interest in the creation of conditions for the creation
of an IMF staff-monitored programme and the launch of the debt-relief process under the
HIPC Initiative. Several participants stressed the importance in this context of a removal of
Sudan from the list of state sponsors of terrorism.
In this respect, France recalled its intention to organize a high-level conference, involving the
participation of the international private sector, on the political, economic, financial and also
investment prospects of the Sudanese transition, and to mark the launching of the debt-relief
Lastly, the Friends of Sudan commended the will shown by the Sudanese Government to take
the lead in the coordination of international assistance. They confirmed their commitment to
align their support with the priorities of the Transitional Government.
Concerning the peace process, the Friends of Sudan encouraged all parties concerned to take
part in good faith in the negotiations in order to achieve just and lasting peace as quickly as
possible. They also recalled the importance of establishing the Legislative Council and
designating civilian governors as quickly as possible, in accordance with the declaration and
agreement of 17 August 2019.
August 12, 2020
Friends of Sudan Meeting Riyadh, Aug 12, 2020
Riyadh, Aug 12, 2020, SPA — The eighth Friends of Sudan meeting was held in Riyadh on 12 August 2020 via videoconference.
H.E. Prime Minster of Sudan, Dr. Abdala Hamdok, and HH the Foreign Minister of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud, opened the meeting with introductory remarks. The Hon. Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of South Sudan, Amb. Beatrice Khamisa Wani, and H.E. the Chairman of South Sudan Government Committee for Peace Mediation in Sudan, Mr. Tut Galuak, also participated in the opening session as honorary guests. The leaders of the Sudan Revolutionary Front, Sudan Liberation Movement-Minni Minawi, and the South Sudanese Mediation Team provided insights on challenges, opportunities and the way forward to sustainable peace and security.
In addition, H.E. General Supervisor of the King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Aid Dr. Abdullah Al-Rubeeah and H.E. the Saudi Minister of State for African Countries, Mr. Ahmed Kattan, facilitated sections of the meeting focused on sustainable peace and economic recovery.
Representatives from Canada, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Norway, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, the African Development Bank, the African Union and the European Union, the International Monetary Fund, the League of Arab States, the Netherlands, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United Nations, the United States and the World Bank and the Government of Sudan participated in the meeting. Representatives of the Government of Sudan also participated and presented information on economic reform process.
The participants engaged in a transparent and candid discussion on the best ways to coordinate support and work with Sudan’s Transitional Government to reach an inclusive and sustainable peace as well as economic stability and prosperity during this critical time in the history of Sudan.
The Friends of Sudan noted developments in relation to the mediation efforts of the Government of South Sudan and expressed their appreciation for the important role it played in advancing the Juba peace talks.
The Friends of Sudan welcomed the participation of the Sudan Revolutionary Front and the Sudan Liberation Movement-Minni Minawi in the meeting and recognized it as a sign of their goodwill and constructive engagement with the international community to work together to achieve sustainable and just peace in Sudan.
The Friends of Sudan urged all those involved in the peace process to seize this opportunity to contribute to and participate in the historical transition of Sudan and further stressed that a mutually agreeable compromise is possible and needs to be embraced.
The Partners for Sustainable Peace in Sudan Declaration (Peace Declaration) was agreed upon during the meeting. The Declaration stressed the importance of an inclusive Sudan-owned and led peace process leading to a just, full and comprehensive peace; commended the progress achieved on several negotiation fronts during the Juba peace talks; and expressed major concerns regarding a number of parties who remain outside of the peace process. In this regard, the Peace Declaration called for all parties to the conflict to engage in good faith in the peace process and refrain from counterproductive demands; it also cautioned that all spoilers to the peace process or the implementation of the Political Agreement and Constitutional Charter of 17 August 2019 may have consequences imposed on them.
The Friends of Sudan reiterated their appreciation for the steps taken by the Transitional Government to facilitate full access of humanitarian assistance to all conflict affected areas. They shared the concerns of the Transitional Government over the plight of conflict-affected areas, including internally displaced persons, refugees and other vulnerable groups, especially women and children. They noted with alarm the increasing violence in Darfur, including the incidents in Kutum, Fata Borno, Nertiti and Mesteri, out breaks of fighting in South Kordofan and in East Sudan. In this regard, they urged the Transitional Government to address such incidents with due diligence and take all necessary measures to protect civilian population, and address deep-rooted causes.
The Friends of Sudan welcomed the appointment of 18 civilian state governors, including two women for the first time, and underscored the importance of completing all the steps necessary to form/appoint the Legislative Assembly.
The Friends of Sudan welcomed the Transitional Government’s update on the measures taken to implement the economic reform. They acknowledged that the economic emergency the Transitional government inherited have been exasperated by the COVID-19 pandemic and appreciated the efforts the Transitional Government has exhibited in order to address these challenges and reduce ramifications stemming from the pandemic on the economy. They welcomed the efforts geared towards addressing and the steps taken to fulfill the economic reform and the removal of fuel subsidies on gasoline and diesel. They encouraged the Transitional Government to continue reforms to strengthen governance, public financial management and domestic revenue mobilization, as well as remove distortions in support of private sector growth.
The Friends of Sudan welcomed the political commitment and financial contributions made by the participants at the Berlin Partnership Conference, including the clear signal of reengagement of the International Financial Institutions with Sudan. The group agreed to follow-up on these achievements and stressed the need for the continued commitment of both, the Government of Sudan and international partners, to implement the reform agenda and offer support. The group decided to meet again in this format in October in order to take stock of the various processes, especially the commencement of the IMF’s Staff-Monitored Program currently awaiting approval from IMF Management and Board; the build-up of the Family Support Program which underpins the economic reforms; and to define the next steps of the Berlin Partnership process, i.e. the pledging conference foreseen for early 2021.
The Friends of Sudan highlighted the importance of assisting Sudan in addressing debt and arrears challenges, as this is key to unlocking support from the international community and IFI financing. In this regard, they stressed the importance of timely transfer of donor contributions to the Sudan Transition and Recovery Support (STARS) trust fund and continued mobilization of additional resources for the Sudan Family Support program to mitigate the impact of economic reforms.
Some members of the Friends of Sudan group stressed the importance of the removal of Sudan from the United States List of State Sponsors as it impedes Sudan’s chances for economic recovery and remains an obstacle for full economic support from the international community. They also acknowledged with appreciation the recent positive announcements and efforts in this regard made by the United States Administration.
At the conclusion of the Riyadh Friends of Sudan meeting, the participants reiterated their commitment to remain engaged with the Transitional Government in its path towards just and lasting peace and prosperity in Sudan.
October 3, 2020
Signing of the Juba Peace Agreement in Juba
October 3, 2020
JUBA AGREEMENT FOR PEACE IN SUDAN BETWEEN THE TRANSITIONAL
GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN AND THE PARTIES TO PEACE PROCESS1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE 1. AGREEMENT ON NATIONAL ISSUES BETWEEN THE TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT
OF SUDAN AND SIGNATORY PARTIES TO THIS AGREEMENT………………………………………………………..3
TITLE 2. DARFUR AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE TRANSITINOAL GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN AND
DARFUR PARTIES TO PEACE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..12
CHAPTER 1: POWER SHARING PROTOCOL………………………………………………………………………………………………….12
CHAPTER 2: WEALTH SHARING PROTOCOL ……………………………………………………………………………………………….20
CHAPTER 3:JUSTICE, ACCOUNTABILITY, AND RECONCILIATION PROTOCOL…………………………………………………..27
CHAPTER 4: COMPENSATION AND REPARATIONS PROTOCOL ……………………………………………………………………….33
CHAPTER 5: INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS AND REFUGEES PROTOCOL …………………………………………………..36
CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPMENT OF THE NOMADS AND HERDEERS SECTOR IN THE DARFUR REGION PROTOCOL……….41
CHAPTER 7: LAND AND HAWAKEER PROTOCOL…………………………………………………………………………………………43
CHAPTER 8: PERMANENT CEASEFIRE AND FINAL SECURITY AGREEMENT PROTOCOL ……………………………………..46
TITLE 3. TWO AREAS TRACK AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE TRANSITINOAL GOVERNMENT OF
SUDAN AND SUDAN PEOPLE’S LIBERATION MOVEMENT – NORTH / THE REVOLUTIONARY
CHAPTER 1: AGREEMENT ON THE PROVISION OF HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AND CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES FOR
THE TWO AREAS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………74
CHAPTER 2: FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT FOR THE TWO AREAS OF BLUE NILE AND SOUTH KORDOFAN / NUBA
MOUNTAINS BETWEEN THE TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN AND THE SUDAN PEOPLE’S LIBERATION
MOVEMENT – NORTH / SUDAN REVOLUTIONARY FRONT (SRF) …………………………………………………………………..78
CHAPTER 3: POLITICAL ISSUES AGREEMENT ……………………………………………………………………………………………..91
CHAPTER 4: AGREEMENT ON THE FINAL SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN THE TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT
OF SUDAN AND SUDAN PEOPLE’S LIBERATION MOVEMENT – NORTH / THE SUDAN REVOLUTIONARY FRONT …..109
TITLE 4. EASTERN SUDAN TRACK AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE TRANSITIONAL
GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN AND THE SUDAN REVOLUTIONARY FRONT …………………………………….130
TITLE 5. AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN AND THE
SUDAN REVOLUTIONARY FRONT— NORTHERN TRACK …………………………………………………………….139
TITLE 6. AGREEMENT OF THE CENTRAL TRACK BETWEEN THE TRANSITIONAL
GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN AND THE SUDAN REVOLUTIONARY FRONT …………………………………….146
TITLE 7. SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE TRANSITIONAL
GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN AND THE THIRD FRONT – TAMAZUJ………………………………………………….148
TITLE 8. FINAL PROVISIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………156
TITLE 9. IMPLEMENTATION MATRICES………………………………………………………………………………………..158
TITLE 10. ANNEXES…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..222
1 The text herein represents the Official English Version of the Juba Agreement for Peace in Sudan and shall be used
as such in accordance with Title 8, Article 14 of this Agreement. This text has been verified for accuracy by the
Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG). Bracketed
language appearing herein does not appear in the
Original Arabic text, but is included in this Official English Version to enhance the clarity of certain provision
January 28, 2021
Chair’s Statement: Friends of Sudan Meeting, Berlin (virtual), 28 January 2021
The meeting was opened by Mr. Miguel Berger, State Secretary of the Federal Foreign Office for Germany, and by Dr. Omer Manis, Minister of Cabinet Affairs for Sudan. Dr. Hiba Mohamed Ali Ahmed, Acting Minister of Finance and Economic Planning for Sudan, also participated in the meeting. Following the opening, a discussion on the political transition, including the peace process, economic reforms and international support was chaired by Dr. Philipp Ackermann, Director General for Africa, Latin America, Near and Middle East in the Federal Foreign Office for Germany.
In addition to Germany and Sudan, representatives from the African Development Bank, the African Union, Canada, Egypt, the European Union, Ethiopia, France, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Italy, the League of Arab States, Japan, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Norway, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Spain, Sweden, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, the United Nations, the United States, and the World Bank participated in the meeting.
Participants reaffirmed their strong partnership with the Transitional Government of Sudan (TGoS), based on the guiding principles of mutual accountability and transparency as expressed in the Mutual Partnership Framework adopted on 7 May 2020 in Paris and confirmed at the Sudan Partnership Conference on 25 June 2020 in Berlin. They also reaffirmed the commitments made to support sustainable peace and democracy in line with the Partners for Sustainable Peace in Sudan Declaration adopted on 12 August 2020 in Riyadh.
The Friends of Sudan reiterated their full support to the political and economic transition in Sudan led by the TGoS under the leadership of Prime Minister Dr. Abdalla Hamdok and reaffirmed their commitment to assisting Sudan on its path towards a free, peaceful, just, inclusive and prosperous future.
Political and Peace Process
The Friends of Sudan received an update from TGoS on the political process, including progress in the implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) of 3 October 2020. Participants acknowledged the progress achieved so far in the political process, and in improving human rights in Sudan. They welcomed the agreement as a historic milestone towards comprehensive and sustainable peace in Sudan. They further acknowledged the role of the Government of South Sudan in successfully facilitating the negotiations. Participants voiced concern about the inter-communal violence that erupted recently in West and South Darfur and called upon the government to continue to take all necessary steps to ensure the protection of civilians. They stressed the importance of the full implementation of the National Plan on the Protection of Civilians (NPC) in order to ensure a conducive environment for durable peace and stability in Darfur. In this regard, the partners’ support is crucial.
Participants emphasized the importance of respecting, protecting and fulfilling the human rights of all people of Sudan, of providing security and establishing the rule of law, of ensuring wealth-sharing and facilitating development in all regions and of ensuring meaningful representation of all Sudanese people in the political process and institutions, including of women and youth, in line with the Constitutional Document and the JPA. Participants commended the TGoS for all efforts being undertaken in this regard, noted the reaction of the TGoS to recent incidents of severe inter-communal violence in Darfur and underlined the importance of dedicating efforts and allocating resources to address and manage this challenge.
Participants encouraged the signatories of the JPA to ensure swift implementation of the agreement, and to avoid further delay with regard to establishing the Government, the Transitional Legislative Council and the preparations for a Constitutional Conference. Participants urged the remaining groups which are not yet part of the peace agreement to assent to the peace process with the TGoS and emphasized the need to conduct negotiations constructively and without preconditions, and in the interest of achieving sustainable peace in Sudan.
The Friends of Sudan expressed their commitment to continue supporting the start-up of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS), including through the new peacebuilding and stabilization window of the Sudan Financing Platform Trust Fund. They welcomed the recent appointment of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Sudan and Head of UNITAMS. They explored potential financial and other technical contributions towards a coordinated and coherent approach to Sudan’s peacebuilding efforts with the support of UNITAMS and the UN Country Team, and stressed the need for concrete peace dividends, including on livelihoods, rural development, durable solutions, access to energy and reconciliation. They called on the Sudanese authorities to facilitate the work of the new Mission, now that the United Nations Hybrid Mission for Darfur (UNAMID) has closed.
Participants also expressed their concern about recent tensions in the border region between Ethiopia and Sudan. They called upon all sides concerned to enter into a constructive dialogue in order to de-escalate the situation and to seek a resolution to the situation through peaceful means. The Friends commended Sudan for hosting Ethiopian refugees, and reassured the TGoS of their continued support, including through the provision of humanitarian assistance.
Economic developments and international support
The Friends of Sudan welcomed the update from the TGoS on the economic reform process, especially the implementation of the IMF Staff-Monitored Program (SMP) and the preparations to roll out the Sudan Family Support Programme. They acknowledged the significant progress achieved in moving the economic reform agenda forward despite additional challenges posed by the floods and the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants encouraged the TGoS to continue working closely with the IMF, the World Bank, and the African Development Bank to keep the SMP on track, and to finalize the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper.
The Friends of Sudan welcomed the removal of Sudan from the United States State Sponsors of Terrorism List on 14 December 2020 as another important milestone in Sudan’s transition process. Participants highlighted that the delisting has opened the door for economic recovery, working towards a debt relief process under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative and attracting foreign investment. In this regard, some members emphasized the need to enhance transparency, combat corruption, streamline regulations, and improve public financial governance to foster private sector engagement.
The Friends of Sudan welcomed the commitment by the TGoS to swiftly implement further reform steps that promote business. They encouraged the TGoS to further reorient expenditure towards social sectors and improve revenue collection and stressed the urgent need to tackle exchange rate reform without further delay, as a prerequisite for Sudan’s performance under
the SMP to remain on track, fully benefit from the support offered by partners and international financial institutions, such as through the aforementioned Sudan Family Support Programme, promote business, and encourage investments in Sudan.
During the discussion, the Friends welcomed ongoing preparations by multilateral institutions and partners / donors for debt relief and expressed their readiness to assist Sudan in the HIPC process. The members thanked the United States for agreeing to provide a bridge loan to clear Sudan’s arrears to the International Development Association (IDA) of the World Bank and thanked the United Kingdom for offering to extend a bridge loan to clear Sudan’s arrears to the African Development Bank, recognizing that both loans and debt relief under HIPC are contingent on meeting agreed reform commitments. Members also recognized the need to support arrears clearance at the IMF. The Friends of Sudan also emphasized the need for a broad coalition within the international community to address Sudan’s external debt and encouraged the TGoS to reach out to the Paris Club and other international partners, in order to secure the required data and ensure transparency regarding the debt situation.
A number of participants provided updates on the disbursement of their financial contributions made at the Sudan Partnership Conference, while several participants indicated further planned engagement. The group emphasized the importance of donor coordination under the leadership of the TGoS and underlined the role of UNITAMS in supporting the government in this regard.
At the conclusion of the meeting, participants reiterated their solidarity with the Sudanese people and willingness to continue supporting the TGoS, and reaffirmed their engagement in support of a successful transition and economic recovery. France will host a high-level Partnership Conference on 17 May 2021.
April 11, 2021
Friends of Sudan European Union Statement via Norway Embassy
Election postponed to 2024
On the second anniversary of the fall of the former authoritarian regime, which opened a new era for Sudan with the establishment of a civilian-led transitional government, we salute the Sudanese people’s courage and commitment to securing democratic governance, respect for human rights and peace. The civilian-led transitional government has made remarkable progress in reaching peace agreements with armed opposition groups and in overcoming Sudan’s internal conflicts, corrupt governance, and economic challenges.
As members of the Friends of Sudan, we (European Union,France, Germany , Norway, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, and the United States) are committed to working with the Sudanese people and their transitional government led by Prime Minister Hamdok to implement the transformative tasks outlined in the August 2019 Constitutional Decree. We have provided sustained political and financial support as Sudan rolls out the Family Support Program (Thamarat), implements the Juba Peace Agreement, secures debt relief and rejoins the international community. We believe further progress in addressing the root causes of Sudan’s many challenges require the formation now of an inclusive Transitional Legislative Council. We also encourage the transitional government to strengthen its efforts to protect civilians, adopt an effective anti-corruption law, begin the constitution drafting process and start preparing for elections to mark the successful conclusion of the transition period in early 2024.
We will continue to support the efforts of the Sudanese people to achieve peace, inclusive economic growth, and democratic governance with full participation of women and youth. The Paris conference in May will be an important occasion to reinforce our partnership with the Sudanese people and their transitional government.
April 11, 2021
Friends of Sudan group has marked the second anniversary of the overthrow of the Al Bashir
Friends of Sudan hail ‘courage and commitment’ two years after Al Bashir regime deposed
The Friends of Sudan group has marked the second anniversary of the overthrow of the Al Bashir regime on April 11, 2019 with a joint statement that hails “the Sudanese people’s courage and commitment to securing democratic governance, respect for human rights and peace”. On this day two years ago, Omar Al Bashir, who had ruled Sudan for 30 years, was deposed and placed under arrest after a military council seized power in a coup d’état.
The group, which includes the USA, France, Germany, Britain, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Egypt, as well as international institutions, said in a statement today that the Sudanese government has made “remarkable progress” in reaching peace agreements with armed opposition groups and in overcoming Sudan’s internal conflicts, corrupt governance, and economic challenges.
“As members of the Friends of Sudan, we are committed to working with the Sudanese people and their transitional government led by Prime Minister Hamdok to implement the transformative tasks outlined in the August 2019 Constitutional Document“ the statement said.
The group outlined that it provides sustained political and financial support as Sudan rolls out the Samarat Family Support Programme*, implements the Juba Peace Agreement, secures debt relief, and re-joins the international community.
“We believe further progress in addressing the root causes of Sudan’s many challenges require the formation now of an inclusive Transitional Legislative Council. We also encourage the transitional government to strengthen its efforts to protect civilians, adopt an effective anti-corruption law, begin the constitution drafting process and start preparing for elections to mark the successful conclusion of the transition period in early 2024”, the statement explained.
The statement underlined that the group will continue to support the efforts of the Sudanese people to achieve peace, inclusive economic growth, and democratic governance with full participation of women and youth. The Paris conference in May will be an important occasion to reinforce partnership with the Sudanese people and their transitional government.
The Family Support Programme Samarat, meaning ‘fruits’, was launched last year to reduce the impact of economic reforms on low-income families by providing financial aid and improving the social protection system and safety nets.
The programme secured US$ 400 million in funding for the first phase; a US$200 grant from the World Bank and another US$200 from the Sudan Transition and Recovery Support Trust Fund (STARS). STARS is an umbrella coordination platform that includes Canada, the European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the State and Peacebuilding Fund, and the United Kingdom.
For the second phase of the programme, to scale up activities and reach as many people as possible, an additional US$420 million in funding has been made available. This includes another US$210 million World Bank grant and a US$210 million worth of donor contributions.
The first phase of the programme was officially launched on February 24, 2021, and approximately 11.3 million people are expected to benefit from this initial phase. Eventually, the aim is to reach 80% of the population.
Last year it was estimated that 77 per cent of all Sudanese live in poverty, which means they can spend less than $1,25 a day.
June 8, 2021
Troika statement from the UK, Norway and USA:
Witnessing the Juba Peace Agreement: